• Impression Formation Social Neuroscience Lab

    Our lab is broadly interested in impression formation through the lenses of social cognition, social neuroscience, and social justice. Our research attempts to understand how perceivers make sense of others using an array of perceptual cues (i.e. race, gender, age) and other sources of knowledge available (i.e. biographical information, social status information). We are also interested in how individual differences and the social context shape the dynamics of social perception, evaluation, and decision-making. Finally, we consider how various facets of impression formation can inform the development of efficient interventions to reduce social bias and promote social justice. To accomplish this, we use a variety of methods, including behavioral measures (i.e. reaction-time data), functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), event-related potentials (ERP), and psychophysiological measures (i.e. electrocardiographic and impedance cardiography signals).

Lab Members

Jasmin Cloutier | Director

Jasmin Cloutier is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Chicago. He received his PhD in Psychology and Brain Sciences at Dartmouth College and worked as a postdoctoral associate at Tufts University and M.I.T. He is broadly interested in social cognition and social neuroscience with an emphasis on research questions related to person perception.
Jasmin spends most of his free time at the park, playing on the floor, reading kid books, making babblinsounds, cleaning-up various messes, and training his children to become research assistants in the lab.

Lab Members

Jennifer Kubota | Director

Jennifer Kubota is an assistant professor in the Department of Psychology and The Center for the Study Of Race, Politics, and Culture (CSRPC) at The University of Chicago. Her research explores the social cognitive and neurocognitive processes involved in how we form impressions of others. In examining these basic mechanisms, she bridge social, cognitive, and neuroscience research with decision-making to advance psychological theories, to test the flexibility of impression formation, and to examine the constraints of interventions in producing lasting reductions in social group inequalities. To achieve these goals she utilizes a multi-level approach that includes investigations of hormonal determinants (e.g. cortisol), neural activations (e.g. EEG, fMRI), and behavioral outcomes and decision-making. She previously worked as a postdoctoral fellow at New York University and received her Ph.D. in Social Psychology and Neuroscience at The University of Colorado Boulder. Dr. Kubota’s research has been supported by the National Institutes of Aging, the National Science Foundation, and the Ford Foundation.

Lab Members

Bradley Mattan | Post Doctoral Scholar

Brad worked with the Cloutier lab from 2011-2012 as a Masters student. During that time, he examined the role of prejudice and stereotype endorsement on the perception of immigrants, with a focus on race and immigration status. After completing his M.A. in 2012, Brad hopped the pond to pursue his Ph.D. in Psychology at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom under the direction of Drs. Kimberly Quinn and Pia Rotshtein. Brad’s doctoral work applied behavioral and fMRI methods to study the prioritization of self-relevant people and perspectives. Brad rejoined the lab in the autumn of 2015 as a post-doctoral scholar working with Dr. Jeni Kubota and Dr. Jasmin Cloutier in the Impression Formation Social Neuroscience Lab. Outside the lab, Brad enjoys traveling, languages, cycling, nice cups of coffee, and brushing up on jiu-jitsu.

Lab Members

Undergraduate Students

Angel Fluet
Michael Selin
Audrey Shinn
Sumer Vaid
  • Impression Formation Social Neuroscience Lab


Mattan, B. D., Kubota, J. T., & Cloutier, J. (in press).

How social status shapes person perception and evaluation: A social neuroscience perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science. (PDF)

Cloutier, J.,  Li, T., Mišić, B., Correll, J., & Berman, M. (2016).

Brain network activity during face perception: The impact of perceptual familiarity and individual differences in childhood experience. Cerebral Cortex, 1-13. (PDF)

Dunsmoor, J., Kubota, J. T., Li, J., Augusto, C., & Phelps, E. A. (2016).

Racially derived stereotypes impair flexibility of emotional learning. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 1363-1373. (PDF)

Kubota, J. T., & Ito, T. A. (2016).

Rapid race perception despite individuation and accuracy goals. Social Neuroscience, 1-11. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., Gyurovski, I. I., Cardenas-Iniguez, C., Barakzai, A., & Li, T. (2016).

Neuroimaging investigations of social status and social hierarchies. In J. R. Absher & J. Cloutier (Eds.), Neuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition, and Character (pp. 187-203). London, UK: Elsevier. (PDF)

Senholzi, K., & Kubota, J. T. (2016)

The neural mechanisms of prejudice intervention. In J. R. Absher & J. Cloutier (Eds.), Neuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition, and Character (pp. 338-354). London, UK: Elsevier. (PDF)

Kubota, J. T., & Ito, T. A. (2016).

You were always on my mind: How event-related brain potentials inform impression formation research. In T. D. Nelson (Ed.), Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination: Second Edition (pp. 279-299). New York, NY: Psychology Press. (Link to Amazon)

Li, T., Cardenas-Iniguez, C., Correll, J., & Cloutier, J. (2016).

The impact of motivation on race-based impression formation. NeuroImage, 124, 1-7. (PDF)

Kubota, J. T., & Phelps, E. A. (2016).

Insights from functional magnetic resonance imaging research on race. In T. D. Nelson (Ed.), Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination: Second Edition (pp. 299-313). New York, NY: Psychology Press. (Link to Amazon)

Kubota, J. T., & Phelps, E. A. (2015).

Exploring the brain dynamics of racial stereotyping. In A. Toga & M. Lieberman (Eds.), Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference (pp. 241-246). London, UK: Elsevier. (Link to Amazon)

FeldmanHall, O., Raio, C., Kubota, J. T., Seiler, M., & Phelps, E. A. (2015).

The effects of social context and acute stress on decision making under uncertainty. Psychological Science, 26, 1918-1926. (PDF)

Kubota, J. T., Mojdehbakhsh, R., Raio, C., Brosch, T., Uleman, J. S., & Phelps, E. A. (2014).

Stressing the person: Legal and everyday person attributions under stress. Biological Psychology, 103, 117-124. (PDF)

Kubota, J. T., & Ito, T. A. (2014).

The role of expression and race in weapons identification. Emotion, 14, 1115-1124. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., & Gyurovski, I. I. (2014).

Ventral medial prefrontal cortex and person evaluation: Forming impressions of others varying in financial and moral status. NeuroImage, 100, 535-543. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., Li, T., & Correll, J. (2014).

The impact of childhood experience on amygdala response to perceptually familiar black and white faces. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26, 1992-2004. (PDF)

Ito, T. A., & Kubota, J. T. (2014).

Social neuroscience. Introductory Psychology. Champaign, IL: Diener Education Fund. Noba Project Text Books

Cloutier, J., Freeman, J. B., & Ambady, N. (2014).

Investigating the early stages of person perception: The asymmetry of social categorization by sex vs. age. PLoS ONE, 9, 1-7. (PDF)

Kubota, J. T., Li, J., Bar-David, E., Banaji, M. R., & Phelps, E. A. (2013).
The price of racial bias: Intergroup negotiations in the Ultimatum Game.
Psychological Science, 24, 2498-2504. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., Norman, G. J., Li, T., & Berntson, G. G. (2013).

Person perception and autonomic nervous system response: The costs and benefits of possessing a high social status. Biological Psychology, 92, 301-305. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., & Gyurovski, I. I. (2013).

Intraparietal sulcus activity during explicit self-referential social status judgments about others. International Journal of Psychological Research, 6 (Special Issue on Social Neuroscience), 68-79. (PDF)

Ratner, K. G., & Kubota, J. T. (2012).

Genetic contributions to intergroup responses: A cautionary perspective. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 223. (PDF)

Kubota, J. T., Banaji, M. R., & Phelps, E. A. (2012).

The neuroscience of race. Nature Neuroscience, 15, 940-948. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., Ambady, N., Meagher, T., & Gabrieli, J. D. E. (2012).

The neural substrates of person perception: Spontaneous use of financial and moral status knowledge. Neuropsychologia, 50, 2371-2376. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., Gabrieli, J. D. E., O’Young, D., & Ambady, N. (2011).

An fMRI study of violations of social expectations: When people are not what we expect them to be. NeuroImage, 57, 583-588. (PDF)

Kubota, J. T., & Senholzi, K. B. (2011).

Knowing you beyond race: The importance of individual feature encoding in the other-race effect. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5, 33. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., Kelley, W. M., & Heatherton, T. F. (2011).

The influence of perceptual and knowledge-based familiarity on the neural substrates of face perception. Social Neuroscience, 6, 63-75. (PDF)

Powell, L., Macrae, C. N., Cloutier, J., Metcalfe, J., & Mitchell, J. (2010).

Dissociable neural substrates for agentic versus conceptual representations of self. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22, 2186-2197. (PDF)

Macrae, C. N., & Cloutier, J. (2009).

A matter of design: Priming context and person perception. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1012-1015. (PDF)

Aminoff, E. M., Balslev, D., Borroni, P., Bryan, R. E., Chua, E. A., Cloutier, J., Cross, E. S., Drew, T., Funk, C. M., Gil-da-Costa, R., Guerin, S. A., Hall, J. L., Jordan, K. E., Landau, A. N., Molnar-Szakacs, I., Montaser-Kouhsari, L., Olofsson, J. K., Quadflieg, S., Somerville, L. H., Sy, J. L., Uddin, L. Q., & Yamada, M. (2009).

The landscape of cognitive neuroscience: Challenges, rewards, and new perspectives. In M. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences (4th ed.) (pp. 1253-1260). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. (PDF)

Kubota, J. T., & Ito, T. A. (2009).

You were always on my mind: How event-related brain potentials inform impression formation research. In T. D. Nelson (Ed.), Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping, and Discrimination (pp. 333-346). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. (Link to Amazon)

Cloutier, J., Heatherton, T. F., Whalen, P. J., & Kelley, W. M. (2008).

Are attractive people rewarding? Sex differences in the neural substrates of facial attractiveness. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 941-951. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., Turk, D., & Macrae, C. N. (2008).

Extracting variant and invariant information from faces: The neural substrates of gaze detection and sex categorization. Social Neuroscience, 3, 69-78. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., & Macrae, C. N. (2007).

The feeling of choosing: Self-involvement and the cognitive status of things past. Consciousness & Cognition, 17, 125-135. (PDF)

Kubota, J. T., & Ito, T. A. (2007).

Multiple cues in social perception: The time course of processing race and facial expression. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 738-752. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., & Macrae, C. N. (2007).

Who or what are you?: Facial orientation and person construal. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 1298-1309. (PDF)

Amodio, D. M., Kubota, J. T., Harmon-Jones, E., & Devine, P. G. (2006).

Alternative mechanism for regulating racial responses according to internal versus external cues. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 1, 26-36. (PDF)

Mitchell, J. P., Cloutier, J., Banaji, M. R., & Macrae, C. N. (2006).

Medial prefrontal dissociations during processing of trait diagnostic and nondiagnostic person information. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1, 49-55. (PDF)

Mason, M. F., Cloutier, J., & Macrae, C. N. (2006).

On construing others: Category and stereotype activation from facial cues. Social Cognition, 24, 540-562. (PDF)

Cloutier, J., Mason, M. F., & Macrae, C. N. (2005).

The perceptual determinants of person construal: Reopening the social-cognitive toolbox. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 885-894. (PDF)


Impression Formation Social Neuroscience Lab • 5848 S. University Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637

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